As with every major metropolis in China over the past two decades, Kunming has experienced explosive growth. Huge infrastructure projects, the beginnings of an interconnected metro system and the mushrooming of innumerable high rises have all changed the face of the Spring City. Noticeably lacking are parks.
That dearth of green space — something we here at GoKunming have been gently railing against for years — finally appears to be something urban planners want to address. Today, the Kunming Municipal Landscaping Bureau announced some details for the creation of 37 new parks and public spaces. First unveiled in March 2017 as part of the city's thirteenth five-year plan, the effort to turn the Spring City into a "Garden City" also includes measures to improve 37 existing parks.
The associated budget includes a goal of making 45 percent of Kunming's total land area "green space" over the next three years. Current government estimates say that rate sits at roughly 40 percent, but threatens to fall as Kunming's urban sprawl continues to eat up large swathes of land in nearly every direction.
The ambitious plan covers nearly every corner of Kunming and is expected to cost upwards of seven billion yuan (US$1.07 billion). A separate section of the project — which has the wonderful title "Multi-colored Kunming" (多彩的昆明) — calls for every major street in the urban core to be "tree-lined" by 2020.
For 16 of the 37 new parks, work will simply involve the "restoration and protection" of already forested areas. Examples include some wooded portions of the Western Hills (西山), as well as the woefully underutilized Changchong Mountain (长虫山). The remaining 21 public spaces will be entirely new. Of Kunming's traditional four urban districts, Guandu (官渡) will get seven new parks, Panlong (盘龙) five, Wuhua (五华) six and Xishan (西山) two. The enormous new district in the city's south, Chenggong (呈贡) is slated to create five new green areas. Meanwhile, in a fit of unnecessary bureaucratic paper shuffling, the micro-districts of Dujia (度假), Gaoxin (高新), Jingkai (经开) and Konggang (空港) — all located inside of larger, existing districts — will collectively build 12 parks.
Below is a complete list of parks slated for construction. For each entry we've included the name, expected size in parentheses and exact location when available. The spots in Gaoxin are located within Chenggong, Dujia is a part of Xishan and Jingkai and Konggang are lumped in with Guandu.
• Majinpu Park (112.2 hectares)
• Zhaoyun Park (12.25 hectares)
• Chenggong Central Park (50.99 hectares)
• Gaojiao Park (30.94 hectares) intersection of Caiyun Lu and Yikang Nan Lu
• Guanshan Botanical Garden (95.06 hectares)
• Bailongtan Park (41.44 hectares)
• Rixin Park (17.26 hectares)
• Flying Tiger Beltway Park (94.3 hectares) both banks of the Feihu River
• Tuqiao Park (5.81 hectares)
• Liangting Park (9.93 hectares) intersection of Jinma Lu and Third Ring Road
• Guandu Park (8.9 hectares) intersection of Yunxiu Lu and Caiyun Bei Lu
• Xiliang Tang Wetland Park (139.51 hectares)
• New Luosiwan Park (7.99 hectares)
• Chunman Park (8.58 hectares)
• Guanshan Park (37.71 hectares)
• Longtan Park (44 hectares) Longtan mountain
• Shilongba Park (40.91 hectares)
• Da Luoyang Park (6.02 hectares)
• Xiao Luoyang Park (13.18 hectares)
• Airport Luosiwan Park (11.71 hectares) airport area
• Changshui Park (57.32 hectares) airport area
• New Waterfall Park (18.13 hectares) next to Taoyuan Cun on the east side of Panglong River
• Beishiqu Theme Park (26.07 hectares) south of the Beijing Lu extension
• Qingshui River Park (10.92 hectares) southwest of Yanjia Shan overpass
• Hongqiao Park (17.95 hectares)
• East Baisha River Park (47.95 hectares)
• Hongyun Park (23.3 hectares) intersection of Hongyun Lu and Hongjin Lu
• Linjiayuan Park (9.67 hectares) west of the Second Provincial Prison
• Wangjiaqiao Park (6.61 hectares) intersection of Puji Lu and Qiongwang Gonglu
• Fanjiaying Park (9.94 hectares)
• Puji Park (59.29 hectares) intersection of Kunwu Highway and Third Ring Road
• Xiaotun Park (9.58 hectares), northwest of Xiaotun overpass
• Ziwei Park (20.06 hectares) intersection of Qiongwang Gonglu and Third Ring Road
• Jiangnanchun Horse Racing Park (112.2 hectares)
• Dragon Gate Park (16.08 hectares) north of Hubin Lu
• Yunnan-Vietnam Railway Park (36.83 hectares)
• Dayu Park (17.26 hectares)