The results of Yunnan's first census in a decade are in, and little has changed in terms of population size, but the province did grow older, more urbanized and more literate.
Yunnan's new official population is just under 46 million people, only 3.1 million people more than it was in 2000. The province's 0.7 percent population growth rate was significantly lower than the national average of 1.4 percent.
Age has become a demographic concern, with more than 5.1 million people, or 11 percent of the province's population, aged 60 or older. The international benchmark for a society with an aging problem is 10 percent.
Yunnan's urban population grew by nearly 6.3 million people between 2000 and 2010. At present the urban-to-rural population ratio is roughly 1:2.
Genderwise, the province has approximately 108 males for every 100 females, which doesn't bode well for government attempts to reduce prostitution and human trafficking.
On a positive note, literacy rates have improved over the past decade. Yunnan presently has 2.8 million people over the age of 15 who do not meet minimum literacy requirements. The current figure is 6.0 percent of the provincial population, compared to 11.4 percent a decade earlier.
Seven ethnic groups have populations of one million people or more. Han Chinese make up 67 percent of the province's population, with 30.6 million people. The Han are followed by the Yi, (5.0 million), Hani (1.6 million), Bai (1.6 million) and the Dai, Zhuang and Miao, who each have 1.2 million residents in the province.
Last year's census was the first to acknowledge the presence of a new unofficial minority in Yunnan: foreigners. Foreign nationals plus Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan passport holders living in Yunnan totaled 47,396. This statistic only includes non-mainland passport holders who had been living in Yunnan for three months or more or planned to live here three months or more at the time of the census in November 2010.© Copyright 2005-2021 GoKunming.com all rights reserved. This material may not be republished, rewritten or redistributed without permission.