Officials in Yuxi have announced that a previously unreported cholera outbreak that infected at least 47 people is now under control, with no deaths reported.
At a February 2 press conference in Yuxi, located 90 kilometers south of Kunming, Yunnan provincial health department director Chen Juemin said the outbreak took place in mid-January in the counties of Tonghai (通海), Huaning (华宁) and Jiangchuan (江川).
Chen said a feast at a funeral attended by 585 villagers in Tonghai from January 15 through 17 was the source of the outbreak. On January 18, a 73-year-old man who had hosted the meal was admitted to the hospital with severe diarrhea, followed by two more patients the next day. The patients were confirmed to be infected with vibrio cholera O139 type on January 21.
All 585 people who attended the feast were quarantined and it was discovered that 26 had traveled to unnamed overseas high-risk cholera areas in November last year. One of the 26 had been a cook during the three days of eating. Officials said that it is likely that the tourists are the source of the outbreak in Yunnan, where O139 cholera has never been previously reported.
Cholera's hallmarks are a short incubation period and severe diarrhea. In Chinese it is known as huoluan (霍乱), literally 'suddenly messy'. According to Wikipedia:
In its most severe forms, cholera is one of the most rapidly fatal illnesses known, and a healthy person's blood pressure may drop to hypotensive levels within an hour of the onset of symptoms; infected patients may die within three hours if medical treatment is not provided. In a common scenario, the disease progresses from the first liquid stool to shock in 4 to 12 hours, with death following in 18 hours to several days, unless oral rehydration therapy is provided.
Yuxi mayor Gao Jinsong, who was also at the press conference, urged area residents to remain calm and pay attention to food safety.
Health official Lu Lin told villagers to avoid crowded places and make sure to only drink clean water, adding that more infections and possible outbreaks were "likely".
"Firstly, cholera is highly infectious and difficult to control; secondly, many people attended the funeral dinner and they are more than likely carriers," Lu said. "Moreover, the affected areas are rural districts where water and sanitation conditions are generally poor."
Tonghai image: China.org.cn
Cholera image: Wikipedia© Copyright 2005-2020 GoKunming.com all rights reserved. This material may not be republished, rewritten or redistributed without permission.